India Climatic Classifications

CodeDescriptionGroupNumber of states/regionsStates/regions
CwaHumid subtropical, dry winterTemperate14 Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chandigarh Delhi Haryana Jammu and Kashmir Jharkhand Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Punjab Tripura
AwTropical wet and dry or savannaTropical10 Andhra Pradesh Chhattisgarh Dadra and Nagar Haveli Kerala Lakshadweep Odisha Puducherry Tamil Nadu Telangana West Bengal
BshSubtropical steppeArid4 Gujarat Karnataka Maharashtra Rajasthan
AmTropical monsoonTropical2 Andaman and Nicobar Islands Goa
AsTropical wet and dry or savanna ('summer' dry season)Tropical2 Daman and Diu Madhya Pradesh
CwbTemperate highland tropical climate with dry wintersTemperate2 Himachal Pradesh Uttarakhand
CsaMediterranean, hot summerTemperate1 Uttar Pradesh
DwcSubartic, dry winter, cool summerCold (continental)1 Ladakh
EtTundraPolar1 Sikkim

Summary: Most regions (14) in India lie in the Humid subtropical, dry winter climate zone (Köppen: Cwa). The mean average of annual temperatures range from a high of 30.82°C (87.48°F) in Tamil Nadu to a low of -10.6°C (12.92°F) in Ladakh.

Climate India: Weather By Month

MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepNovOctDecYear
Record high °C (°F)32.66(90.79)34.5(94.1)37.26(99.07)41.45(106.61)43.04(109.47)42.76(108.97)39.49(103.08)36.31(97.36)35.68(96.22)35.13(95.23)32.85(91.13)32.74(90.93)43.04(109.47)
Average high °C (°F)23.26(73.87)26.18(79.12)30.18(86.32)33.61(92.5)35.15(95.27)33.49(92.28)30.82(87.48)30.12(86.22)29.87(85.77)29.22(84.6)26.79(80.22)24.07(75.33)29.4(84.92)
Daily mean °C (°F)18.85(65.93)21.83(71.29)26.05(78.89)29.9(85.82)31.87(89.37)30.93(87.67)28.64(83.55)27.85(82.13)27.24(81.03)25.79(78.42)22.81(73.06)19.84(67.71)25.97(78.75)
Average low °C (°F)12.2(53.96)14.44(57.99)17.98(64.36)22.01(71.62)24.65(76.37)25.57(78.03)24.61(76.3)23.8(74.84)22.57(72.63)20.05(68.09)16.63(61.93)13.6(56.48)19.84(67.71)
Record low °C (°F)-29.86(-21.75)-26.15(-15.07)-23.79(-10.82)-19.73(-3.51)-15.44(4.21)-9.13(15.57)-3.26(26.13)-1.09(30.04)-7.46(18.57)-17.04(1.33)-23.15(-9.67)-27.56(-17.61)-29.86(-21.75)
Average precipitation mm (inches)13.57(0.53)17.66(0.7)22.65(0.89)43.97(1.73)79.07(3.11)153.82(6.06)219.39(8.64)215.34(8.48)155.65(6.13)80.49(3.17)26.72(1.05)16.17(0.64)87.04(3.43)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm)2.412.844.427.249.3215.6320.8520.7816.6210.154.132.519.74
Average relative humidity (%)56.6953.147.4746.9950.060.3172.8776.8774.7564.5458.0255.5659.76
Mean monthly sunshine hours9.4310.5711.2411.8412.4512.3711.5410.9210.519.989.389.2210.79

India Climate Graph

India

India’s Cities by Temperature

India’s states/regions ranking by average yearly temperature:

Tamil Nadu
30.82°C | 87.48°F
Andhra Pradesh
30.63°C | 87.13°F
Gujarat
29.95°C | 85.91°F
Odisha
29.68°C | 85.42°F
Chhattisgarh
29.61°C | 85.3°F
Bihar
29.51°C | 85.12°F
West Bengal
29.47°C | 85.05°F
Uttar Pradesh
29.43°C | 84.97°F
Puducherry
29.33°C | 84.79°F
Haryana
29.13°C | 84.43°F
Rajasthan
29.0°C | 84.2°F
Maharashtra
28.95°C | 84.11°F
Daman and Diu
28.92°C | 84.06°F
Delhi
28.91°C | 84.04°F
Telangana
28.9°C | 84.02°F
Madhya Pradesh
28.71°C | 83.68°F
Goa
28.53°C | 83.35°F
Andaman and Nicobar Islands
28.45°C | 83.21°F
Lakshadweep
28.19°C | 82.74°F
Dadra and Nagar Haveli
28.15°C | 82.67°F
Kerala
28.03°C | 82.45°F
Karnataka
28.03°C | 82.45°F
Punjab
27.98°C | 82.36°F
Jharkhand
26.78°C | 80.2°F
Tripura
26.43°C | 79.57°F
Assam
26.14°C | 79.05°F
Jammu and Kashmir
25.88°C | 78.58°F
Chandigarh
25.55°C | 77.99°F
Arunachal Pradesh
25.08°C | 77.14°F
Nagaland
25.05°C | 77.09°F
Mizoram
24.75°C | 76.55°F
Uttarakhand
23.67°C | 74.61°F
Manipur
21.77°C | 71.19°F
Meghalaya
19.06°C | 66.31°F
Himachal Pradesh
18.4°C | 65.12°F
Sikkim
14.48°C | 58.06°F
Ladakh
-10.6°C | 12.92°F

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