Greenland Climatic Classifications

CodeDescriptionGroupNumber of states/regionsStates/regions
EfIce CapPolar3 Avannaata Northeast Greenland National Park Sermersooq
EtTundraPolar3 Kujalleq Qeqertalik Qeqqata

Summary: Most regions (3) in Greenland lie in the Ice Cap climate zone (Köppen: Ef). The mean average of annual temperatures range from a high of -1.09°C (30.04°F) in Kujalleq to a low of -24.6°C (-12.28°F) in Avannaata.

Climate Greenland: Weather By Month

MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepNovOctDecYear
Record high °C (°F)-6.16(20.91)-6.32(20.62)-4.24(24.37)-0.34(31.39)4.14(39.45)13.44(56.19)16.02(60.84)12.97(55.35)5.41(41.74)0.61(33.1)-4.17(24.49)-6.79(19.78)16.02(60.84)
Average high °C (°F)-17.15(1.13)-17.33(0.81)-15.92(3.34)-9.47(14.95)-3.29(26.08)2.43(36.37)4.47(40.05)2.5(36.5)-3.32(26.02)-9.24(15.37)-13.89(7.0)-16.8(1.76)-8.08(17.46)
Daily mean °C (°F)-19.23(-2.61)-19.69(-3.44)-18.62(-1.52)-11.98(10.44)-5.0(23.0)0.87(33.57)2.88(37.18)0.75(33.35)-5.14(22.75)-11.1(12.02)-15.84(3.49)-18.7(-1.66)-10.07(13.87)
Average low °C (°F)-23.03(-9.45)-23.89(-11.0)-23.93(-11.07)-18.56(-1.41)-11.03(12.15)-4.23(24.39)-2.14(28.15)-4.09(24.64)-8.93(15.93)-14.54(5.83)-19.4(-2.92)-22.18(-7.92)-14.66(5.61)
Record low °C (°F)-37.55(-35.59)-36.61(-33.9)-39.09(-38.36)-33.62(-28.52)-26.44(-15.59)-20.25(-4.45)-17.71(0.12)-20.72(-5.3)-26.59(-15.86)-31.96(-25.53)-36.52(-33.74)-38.88(-37.98)-39.09(-38.36)
Average precipitation mm (inches)25.41(1.0)21.8(0.86)20.13(0.79)28.82(1.13)21.08(0.83)19.95(0.79)18.7(0.74)20.83(0.82)37.5(1.48)26.63(1.05)30.36(1.2)19.45(0.77)24.22(0.95)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm)5.124.423.914.614.083.743.594.686.655.095.04.594.62
Average relative humidity (%)82.3283.5583.7783.6180.4875.7574.8376.5278.7479.8980.1980.179.98
Mean monthly sunshine hours1.594.438.4411.989.683.948.4211.810.45.812.440.796.64

Greenland Climate Graph

Greenland

Greenland’s Cities by Temperature

Greenland’s states/regions ranking by average yearly temperature:

Kujalleq
-1.09°C | 30.04°F
Sermersooq
-2.65°C | 27.23°F
Qeqqata
-5.44°C | 22.21°F
Qeqertalik
-5.62°C | 21.88°F
Northeast Greenland National Park
-20.98°C | -5.76°F
Avannaata
-24.6°C | -12.28°F

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