Finland Climatic Classifications

CodeDescriptionGroupNumber of states/regionsStates/regions
DfcSubartic, severe winter, no dry season, cool summerCold (continental)13 Central Finland Central Ostrobothnia Kainuu Lapland North Karelia Northern Ostrobothnia Northern Savonia Ostrobothnia Päijänne Tavastia Pirkanmaa Satakunta Southern Ostrobothnia Southern Savonia
DfbHumid continental, no dry season, warm summerCold (continental)6 Åland Kymenlaakso South Karelia Southwest Finland Tavastia Proper Uusimaa

Summary: Most regions (13) in Finland lie in the Subartic, severe winter, no dry season, cool summer climate zone (Köppen: Dfc). The mean average of annual temperatures range from a high of 7.38°C (45.28°F) in Åland to a low of 1.62°C (34.92°F) in Lapland.

Climate Finland: Weather By Month

MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepNovOctDecYear
Record high °C (°F)0.93(33.67)0.28(32.5)1.42(34.56)7.42(45.36)15.48(59.86)19.27(66.69)22.15(71.87)20.54(68.97)15.22(59.4)9.47(49.05)6.19(43.14)3.39(38.1)22.15(71.87)
Average high °C (°F)-5.14(22.75)-3.88(25.02)-0.53(31.05)5.25(41.45)12.86(55.15)17.23(63.01)20.69(69.24)19.15(66.47)13.93(57.07)6.72(44.1)2.14(35.85)-1.54(29.23)7.24(45.03)
Daily mean °C (°F)-6.34(20.59)-5.36(22.35)-2.21(28.02)3.51(38.32)10.86(51.55)15.34(59.61)18.73(65.71)17.05(62.69)12.04(53.67)5.29(41.52)1.27(34.29)-2.51(27.48)5.64(42.15)
Average low °C (°F)-8.98(15.84)-8.42(16.84)-5.86(21.45)-0.43(31.23)5.33(41.59)9.39(48.9)12.79(55.02)11.89(53.4)8.24(46.83)2.74(36.93)-0.7(30.74)-4.74(23.47)1.77(35.19)
Record low °C (°F)-15.05(4.91)-13.9(6.98)-11.09(12.04)-4.9(23.18)1.24(34.23)7.09(44.76)10.42(50.76)8.2(46.76)4.33(39.79)-1.67(28.99)-6.75(19.85)-10.95(12.29)-15.05(4.91)
Average precipitation mm (inches)31.89(1.26)30.88(1.22)30.42(1.2)25.57(1.01)36.34(1.43)37.92(1.49)50.6(1.99)43.14(1.7)38.94(1.53)39.86(1.57)37.09(1.46)38.59(1.52)36.77(1.45)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm)8.367.747.797.097.99.010.429.998.528.728.8610.598.75
Average relative humidity (%)92.7793.4190.5582.8770.3470.0673.1675.7582.1785.989.0491.2483.11
Mean monthly sunshine hours2.64.527.7411.5415.4617.8317.0213.4110.415.883.811.679.32

Finland Climate Graph

Finland

Finland’s Cities by Temperature

Finland’s states/regions ranking by average yearly temperature:

Åland
7.38°C | 45.28°F
Southwest Finland
7.25°C | 45.05°F
Uusimaa
7.07°C | 44.73°F
Satakunta
6.9°C | 44.42°F
Tavastia Proper
6.38°C | 43.48°F
Kymenlaakso
6.36°C | 43.45°F
South Karelia
6.32°C | 43.38°F
Pirkanmaa
6.3°C | 43.34°F
Päijänne Tavastia
6.25°C | 43.25°F
Southern Savonia
5.87°C | 42.57°F
Southern Ostrobothnia
5.79°C | 42.42°F
Ostrobothnia
5.62°C | 42.12°F
Central Finland
5.37°C | 41.67°F
Central Ostrobothnia
5.32°C | 41.58°F
Northern Savonia
5.07°C | 41.13°F
North Karelia
4.92°C | 40.86°F
Kainuu
3.93°C | 39.07°F
Northern Ostrobothnia
3.43°C | 38.17°F
Lapland
1.62°C | 34.92°F

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