Canada Climatic Classifications

CodeDescriptionGroupNumber of states/regionsStates/regions
DfcSubartic, severe winter, no dry season, cool summerCold (continental)6 Alberta British Columbia Manitoba Newfoundland and Labrador Northwest Territories Ontario
DfbHumid continental, no dry season, warm summerCold (continental)5 New Brunswick Nova Scotia Prince Edward Island Quebec Saskatchewan
DscSubartic, subalpineCold (continental)1 Yukon Territory
EtTundraPolar1 Nunavut

Summary: Most regions (6) in Canada lie in the Subartic, severe winter, no dry season, cool summer climate zone (Köppen: Dfc). The mean average of annual temperatures range from a high of 8.25°C (46.85°F) in Nova Scotia to a low of -10.56°C (12.99°F) in Nunavut.

Climate Canada: Weather By Month

MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepNovOctDecYear
Record high °C (°F)-0.23(31.59)-0.99(30.22)2.3(36.14)8.08(46.54)16.55(61.79)20.53(68.95)24.89(76.8)24.14(75.45)19.73(67.51)13.82(56.88)7.97(46.35)3.41(38.14)24.89(76.8)
Average high °C (°F)-10.59(12.94)-9.6(14.72)-4.42(24.04)2.68(36.82)11.77(53.19)16.84(62.31)20.56(69.01)19.64(67.35)14.28(57.7)6.49(43.68)-2.54(27.43)-8.19(17.26)4.74(40.53)
Daily mean °C (°F)-12.87(8.83)-12.36(9.75)-7.21(19.02)0.04(32.07)8.8(47.84)13.94(57.09)17.44(63.39)16.44(61.59)11.27(52.29)4.17(39.51)-4.47(23.95)-10.13(13.77)2.09(35.76)
Average low °C (°F)-16.83(1.71)-16.86(1.65)-11.94(10.51)-5.01(22.98)2.75(36.95)7.8(46.04)11.07(51.93)10.5(50.9)6.41(43.54)0.78(33.4)-7.55(18.41)-13.48(7.74)-2.7(27.14)
Record low °C (°F)-28.71(-19.68)-29.7(-21.46)-27.39(-17.3)-20.05(-4.09)-10.21(13.62)-0.76(30.63)4.0(39.2)3.79(38.82)-0.13(31.77)-7.39(18.7)-19.4(-2.92)-26.82(-16.28)-29.7(-21.46)
Average precipitation mm (inches)52.56(2.07)40.81(1.61)42.03(1.65)48.76(1.92)45.98(1.81)60.66(2.39)52.51(2.07)52.57(2.07)50.5(1.99)56.94(2.24)58.79(2.31)58.22(2.29)51.69(2.04)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm)8.126.557.898.828.759.839.859.227.878.778.357.818.49
Average relative humidity (%)91.5691.4290.5183.6772.3471.8271.8773.8976.2880.686.0789.5381.63
Mean monthly sunshine hours4.155.427.8511.1912.8310.8212.4713.3810.396.844.944.088.7

Canada Climate Graph

Canada

Canada’s Cities by Temperature

Canada’s states/regions ranking by average yearly temperature:

Nova Scotia
8.25°C | 46.85°F
New Brunswick
7.15°C | 44.87°F
Prince Edward Island
6.86°C | 44.35°F
Quebec
5.13°C | 41.23°F
British Columbia
5.02°C | 41.04°F
Alberta
3.62°C | 38.52°F
Saskatchewan
2.83°C | 37.09°F
Ontario
2.61°C | 36.7°F
Manitoba
1.06°C | 33.91°F
Newfoundland and Labrador
0.77°C | 33.39°F
Yukon Territory
-2.15°C | 28.13°F
Northwest Territories
-3.45°C | 25.79°F
Nunavut
-10.56°C | 12.99°F

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