Nepal Climatic Classifications

CodeDescriptionGroupNumber of states/regionsStates/regions
CwaHumid subtropical, dry winterTemperate7 Bheri Janakpur Lumbini Mahakali Mechi Narayani Rapti
DwcSubartic, dry winter, cool summerCold (continental)3 Bagmati Karnali Seti
CwbTemperate highland tropical climate with dry wintersTemperate2 Gandaki Sagarmatha
EtTundraPolar2 Dhawalagiri Kosi

Summary: Most regions (7) in Nepal lie in the Humid subtropical, dry winter climate zone (Köppen: Cwa). The mean average of annual temperatures range from a high of 29.73°C (85.51°F) in Lumbini to a low of 7.19°C (44.94°F) in Karnali.

Climate Nepal: Weather By Month

MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepNovOctDecYear
Record high °C (°F)24.72(76.5)28.3(82.94)34.3(93.74)38.51(101.32)40.13(104.23)39.43(102.97)34.78(94.6)34.83(94.69)33.8(92.84)32.45(90.41)30.23(86.41)26.35(79.43)40.13(104.23)
Average high °C (°F)17.73(63.91)20.81(69.46)25.66(78.19)29.64(85.35)31.32(88.38)31.25(88.25)28.32(82.98)28.46(83.23)27.6(81.68)25.93(78.67)22.91(73.24)19.51(67.12)25.76(78.37)
Daily mean °C (°F)13.01(55.42)16.32(61.38)21.55(70.79)25.93(78.67)27.85(82.13)28.16(82.69)25.73(78.31)25.71(78.28)24.55(76.19)21.86(71.35)18.46(65.23)14.85(58.73)22.0(71.6)
Average low °C (°F)5.73(42.31)8.16(46.69)12.36(54.25)16.5(61.7)19.01(66.22)20.79(69.42)20.44(68.79)19.89(67.8)18.38(65.08)14.77(58.59)11.05(51.89)7.7(45.86)14.57(58.23)
Record low °C (°F)-7.42(18.64)-4.78(23.4)-0.98(30.24)3.77(38.79)7.4(45.32)10.3(50.54)11.01(51.82)10.82(51.48)9.21(48.58)3.13(37.63)-2.19(28.06)-5.1(22.82)-7.42(18.64)
Average precipitation mm (inches)32.44(1.28)52.01(2.05)49.32(1.94)108.76(4.28)194.21(7.65)358.81(14.13)744.53(29.31)599.91(23.62)349.75(13.77)76.2(3.0)9.57(0.38)10.88(0.43)215.53(8.49)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm)3.935.176.4511.8917.7722.4829.0428.1424.2710.22.581.813.64
Average relative humidity (%)48.6846.0936.8436.7745.6960.3779.1779.377.4264.4855.9550.4756.77
Mean monthly sunshine hours8.439.5811.2112.6413.2713.3612.5212.4511.59.458.758.5810.98

Nepal Climate Graph

Nepal

Nepal’s Cities by Temperature

Nepal’s states/regions ranking by average yearly temperature:

Lumbini
29.73°C | 85.51°F
Kosi
29.58°C | 85.24°F
Janakpur
29.1°C | 84.38°F
Narayani
27.62°C | 81.72°F
Mechi
26.33°C | 79.39°F
Rapti
23.52°C | 74.34°F
Bheri
23.52°C | 74.34°F
Seti
22.06°C | 71.71°F
Mahakali
22.06°C | 71.71°F
Bagmati
18.94°C | 66.09°F
Sagarmatha
17.22°C | 63.0°F
Dhawalagiri
15.56°C | 60.01°F
Gandaki
15.56°C | 60.01°F
Karnali
7.19°C | 44.94°F

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