Mongolia Climatic Classifications

CodeDescriptionGroupNumber of states/regionsStates/regions
BskMid-latitude steppeArid10 Bayanhongor Dornod Govĭ-Altay Govĭ-Sümber Hovd Övörhangay Sühbaatar Töv Ulaanbaatar Uvs
DwcSubartic, dry winter, cool summerCold (continental)7 Arhangay Bulgan Dzavhan Hentiy Hövsgöl Orhon Selenge
BwkMid-latitude desertArid3 Dornogovĭ Dundgovĭ Ömnögovĭ
DwbHumid continental, severe dry winter, warm summerCold (continental)1 Darhan uul
EtTundraPolar1 Bayan-Ölgiy

Summary: Most regions (10) in Mongolia lie in the Mid-latitude steppe climate zone (Köppen: Bsk). The mean average of annual temperatures range from a high of 7.51°C (45.52°F) in Dornogovĭ to a low of -2.71°C (27.12°F) in Dzavhan.

Climate Mongolia: Weather By Month

MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepNovOctDecYear
Record high °C (°F)-10.27(13.51)-6.3(20.66)3.82(38.88)13.68(56.62)21.45(70.61)27.29(81.12)30.21(86.38)27.86(82.15)20.89(69.6)10.94(51.69)-0.06(31.89)-8.0(17.6)30.21(86.38)
Average high °C (°F)-15.16(4.71)-11.65(11.03)-2.09(28.24)8.22(46.8)15.18(59.32)21.34(70.41)23.62(74.52)21.36(70.45)14.92(58.86)5.57(42.03)-5.38(22.32)-13.18(8.28)5.23(41.41)
Daily mean °C (°F)-19.77(-3.59)-16.62(2.08)-6.58(20.16)4.45(40.01)11.43(52.57)17.64(63.75)19.82(67.68)17.37(63.27)10.84(51.51)1.92(35.46)-8.9(15.98)-17.0(1.4)1.22(34.2)
Average low °C (°F)-24.62(-12.32)-22.78(-9.0)-13.1(8.42)-1.58(29.16)5.0(41.0)11.43(52.57)13.69(56.64)11.5(52.7)5.15(41.27)-3.07(26.47)-13.38(7.92)-21.15(-6.07)-4.41(24.06)
Record low °C (°F)-32.19(-25.94)-31.12(-24.02)-22.4(-8.32)-7.77(18.01)-2.41(27.66)3.4(38.12)4.99(40.98)3.37(38.07)-1.94(28.51)-9.22(15.4)-20.9(-5.62)-28.4(-19.12)-32.19(-25.94)
Average precipitation mm (inches)2.75(0.11)4.82(0.19)13.07(0.51)23.44(0.92)43.1(1.7)85.05(3.35)107.97(4.25)90.97(3.58)38.14(1.5)17.09(0.67)10.82(0.43)3.95(0.16)36.76(1.45)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm)0.831.413.075.047.8612.214.1811.976.53.672.941.235.91
Average relative humidity (%)76.5875.2263.4744.738.345.5951.053.5649.8451.2765.0773.8957.37
Mean monthly sunshine hours7.699.2810.6112.0714.0214.814.4712.9711.269.697.917.4811.02

Mongolia Climate Graph

Mongolia

Mongolia’s Cities by Temperature

Mongolia’s states/regions ranking by average yearly temperature:

Dornogovĭ
7.51°C | 45.52°F
Ömnögovĭ
5.79°C | 42.42°F
Hovd
3.67°C | 38.61°F
Dundgovĭ
3.15°C | 37.67°F
Govĭ-Sümber
3.15°C | 37.67°F
Dornod
2.95°C | 37.31°F
Sühbaatar
2.65°C | 36.77°F
Hentiy
2.37°C | 36.27°F
Övörhangay
1.43°C | 34.57°F
Darhan uul
1.22°C | 34.2°F
Bayanhongor
0.76°C | 33.37°F
Govĭ-Altay
0.67°C | 33.21°F
Arhangay
0.48°C | 32.86°F
Bulgan
0.25°C | 32.45°F
Bayan-Ölgiy
-0.45°C | 31.19°F
Orhon
-0.5°C | 31.1°F
Selenge
-0.5°C | 31.1°F
Uvs
-0.77°C | 30.61°F
Töv
-0.88°C | 30.42°F
Ulaanbaatar
-0.88°C | 30.42°F
Hövsgöl
-2.64°C | 27.25°F
Dzavhan
-2.71°C | 27.12°F

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