Madagascar Climatic Classifications

CodeDescriptionGroupNumber of states/regionsStates/regions
AwTropical wet and dry or savannaTropical2 Antsiranana Mahajanga
AfTropical rainforestTropical1 Toamasina
BshSubtropical steppeArid1 Toliara
CfbMarine west coast, warm summerTemperate1 Fianarantsoa
CwbTemperate highland tropical climate with dry wintersTemperate1 Antananarivo

Summary: Most regions (2) in Madagascar lie in the Tropical wet and dry or savanna climate zone (Köppen: Aw). The mean average of annual temperatures range from a high of 27.27°C (81.09°F) in Mahajanga to a low of 19.06°C (66.31°F) in Fianarantsoa.

Climate Madagascar: Weather By Month

MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepNovOctDecYear
Record high °C (°F)31.76(89.17)31.47(88.65)31.55(88.79)30.75(87.35)30.04(86.07)29.01(84.22)28.65(83.57)29.61(85.3)30.75(87.35)31.44(88.59)31.51(88.72)31.28(88.3)31.76(89.17)
Average high °C (°F)27.79(82.02)27.84(82.11)27.81(82.06)27.26(81.07)25.78(78.4)24.26(75.67)23.52(74.34)24.63(76.33)26.1(78.98)27.65(81.77)28.43(83.17)28.56(83.41)26.64(79.95)
Daily mean °C (°F)25.61(78.1)25.57(78.03)25.33(77.59)24.51(76.12)22.96(73.33)21.47(70.65)20.61(69.1)21.45(70.61)22.74(72.93)24.59(76.26)25.63(78.13)26.1(78.98)23.88(74.98)
Average low °C (°F)22.4(72.32)22.21(71.98)21.88(71.38)20.81(69.46)19.17(66.51)17.71(63.88)16.65(61.97)17.01(62.62)17.87(64.17)20.11(68.2)21.5(70.7)22.31(72.16)19.97(67.95)
Record low °C (°F)16.37(61.47)16.07(60.93)15.64(60.15)14.03(57.25)12.11(53.8)10.31(50.56)9.39(48.9)10.06(50.11)11.21(52.18)14.55(58.19)16.08(60.94)16.65(61.97)9.39(48.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches)427.23(16.82)341.6(13.45)285.36(11.23)97.57(3.84)54.16(2.13)51.59(2.03)42.97(1.69)33.19(1.31)26.22(1.03)67.46(2.66)135.8(5.35)240.2(9.46)150.28(5.92)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm)25.4422.8322.4113.888.736.885.555.54.7710.0613.9820.2113.35
Average relative humidity (%)79.8180.5380.5978.1775.7874.272.2270.5669.0169.9571.6475.2574.81
Mean monthly sunshine hours12.2512.1511.359.518.958.348.249.0310.9311.4412.312.7810.61

Madagascar Climate Graph

Madagascar

Madagascar’s Cities by Temperature

Madagascar’s states/regions ranking by average yearly temperature:

Mahajanga
27.27°C | 81.09°F
Toliara
26.89°C | 80.4°F
Antsiranana
26.26°C | 79.27°F
Toamasina
24.74°C | 76.53°F
Antananarivo
19.07°C | 66.33°F
Fianarantsoa
19.06°C | 66.31°F

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