Iraq Climatic Classifications

CodeDescriptionGroupNumber of states/regionsStates/regions
BwhSubtropical desertArid11 Al-Qadisiyah Anbar Babil Baghdad Basra Dhi Qar Karbala Maysan Muthanna Najaf Wasit
BshSubtropical steppeArid4 Diyala Kirkuk Nineveh Saladin
CsaMediterranean, hot summerTemperate3 Dohuk Erbil Sulaymaniyah

Summary: Most regions (11) in Iraq lie in the Subtropical desert climate zone (Köppen: Bwh). The mean average of annual temperatures range from a high of 30.19°C (86.34°F) in Basra to a low of 20.06°C (68.11°F) in Dohuk.

Climate Iraq: Weather By Month

MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepNovOctDecYear
Record high °C (°F)19.21(66.58)21.68(71.02)27.48(81.46)33.6(92.48)40.33(104.59)45.29(113.52)47.94(118.29)47.57(117.63)44.01(111.22)36.82(98.28)26.46(79.63)20.53(68.95)47.94(118.29)
Average high °C (°F)15.95(60.71)18.34(65.01)23.5(74.3)29.54(85.17)35.96(96.73)41.5(106.7)44.68(112.42)44.43(111.97)40.48(104.86)33.08(91.54)23.36(74.05)17.57(63.63)30.7(87.26)
Daily mean °C (°F)12.54(54.57)14.64(58.35)19.57(67.23)25.54(77.97)32.23(90.01)37.54(99.57)40.38(104.68)39.93(103.87)35.79(96.42)28.82(83.88)19.93(67.87)14.32(57.78)26.77(80.19)
Average low °C (°F)8.34(47.01)9.77(49.59)13.7(56.66)18.72(65.7)25.33(77.59)29.64(85.35)31.88(89.38)31.43(88.57)27.66(81.79)22.17(71.91)15.15(59.27)10.22(50.4)20.33(68.59)
Record low °C (°F)1.39(34.5)2.29(36.12)5.23(41.41)9.19(48.54)14.87(58.77)20.58(69.04)24.08(75.34)24.08(75.34)19.6(67.28)14.4(57.92)8.2(46.76)3.79(38.82)1.39(34.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches)48.97(1.93)41.2(1.62)55.65(2.19)37.67(1.48)27.22(1.07)1.12(0.04)0.18(0.01)0.27(0.01)1.01(0.04)24.84(0.98)41.91(1.65)44.18(1.74)27.02(1.06)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm)4.884.966.35.744.810.350.060.090.253.934.834.613.4
Average relative humidity (%)48.6644.0337.3830.3922.5614.2412.4613.1615.5624.6638.4946.2128.98
Mean monthly sunshine hours8.068.3311.0212.8713.7414.414.0913.2712.39.418.318.1311.16

Iraq Climate Graph

Iraq

Iraq’s Cities by Temperature

Iraq’s states/regions ranking by average yearly temperature:

Basra
30.19°C | 86.34°F
Maysan
29.96°C | 85.93°F
Dhi Qar
29.85°C | 85.73°F
Wasit
29.2°C | 84.56°F
Muthanna
28.67°C | 83.61°F
Najaf
28.52°C | 83.34°F
Al-Qadisiyah
28.52°C | 83.34°F
Babil
28.45°C | 83.21°F
Baghdad
28.3°C | 82.94°F
Karbala
28.3°C | 82.94°F
Diyala
27.96°C | 82.33°F
Anbar
26.15°C | 79.07°F
Saladin
26.09°C | 78.96°F
Kirkuk
24.84°C | 76.71°F
Erbil
23.42°C | 74.16°F
Nineveh
23.11°C | 73.6°F
Sulaymaniyah
20.23°C | 68.41°F
Dohuk
20.06°C | 68.11°F

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