Ethiopia Climatic Classifications

CodeDescriptionGroupNumber of states/regionsStates/regions
AwTropical wet and dry or savannaTropical4 Benshangul-Gumaz Gambela Peoples Oromia Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples
BshSubtropical steppeArid4 Afar Dire Dawa Harari People Tigrai
CwbTemperate highland tropical climate with dry wintersTemperate2 Addis Ababa Amara
BwhSubtropical desertArid1 Somali

Summary: Most regions (4) in Ethiopia lie in the Tropical wet and dry or savanna climate zone (Köppen: Aw). The mean average of annual temperatures range from a high of 31.33°C (88.39°F) in Gambela Peoples to a low of 14.6°C (58.28°F) in Oromia.

Climate Ethiopia: Weather By Month

MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepNovOctDecYear
Record high °C (°F)39.3(102.74)40.7(105.26)41.37(106.47)39.42(102.96)35.01(95.02)33.16(91.69)30.96(87.73)31.56(88.81)32.55(90.59)33.49(92.28)35.65(96.17)38.21(100.78)41.37(106.47)
Average high °C (°F)26.74(80.13)27.91(82.24)28.65(83.57)28.04(82.47)26.79(80.22)26.4(79.52)24.51(76.12)24.43(75.97)25.39(77.7)25.35(77.63)25.38(77.68)25.7(78.26)26.27(79.29)
Daily mean °C (°F)21.82(71.28)23.08(73.54)24.25(75.65)24.14(75.45)23.23(73.81)22.71(72.88)21.23(70.21)21.06(69.91)21.67(71.01)21.33(70.39)21.1(69.98)21.1(69.98)22.23(72.01)
Average low °C (°F)14.28(57.7)15.51(59.92)17.1(62.78)17.66(63.79)17.25(63.05)16.65(61.97)16.13(61.03)15.8(60.44)15.59(60.06)14.85(58.73)14.48(58.06)14.08(57.34)15.78(60.4)
Record low °C (°F)7.19(44.94)8.43(47.17)9.06(48.31)9.37(48.87)8.64(47.55)8.69(47.64)9.38(48.88)9.4(48.92)9.3(48.74)7.75(45.95)7.45(45.41)6.82(44.28)6.82(44.28)
Average precipitation mm (inches)8.44(0.33)17.97(0.71)55.0(2.17)106.54(4.19)115.93(4.56)99.51(3.92)169.88(6.69)189.88(7.48)115.58(4.55)79.58(3.13)44.47(1.75)10.97(0.43)84.48(3.33)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm)1.763.648.3614.3616.2315.6121.4822.517.511.97.042.2411.88
Average relative humidity (%)43.4141.8245.1354.8262.3162.7771.0472.6868.0263.2958.3448.0357.64
Mean monthly sunshine hours11.4311.3511.1411.1711.6111.5110.8110.6110.8410.599.9810.4110.95

Ethiopia Climate Graph

Ethiopia

Ethiopia’s Cities by Temperature

Ethiopia’s states/regions ranking by average yearly temperature:

Gambela Peoples
31.33°C | 88.39°F
Somali
28.04°C | 82.47°F
Benshangul-Gumaz
28.02°C | 82.44°F
Dire Dawa
23.5°C | 74.3°F
Amara
21.48°C | 70.66°F
Harari People
21.16°C | 70.09°F
Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples
20.7°C | 69.26°F
Tigrai
19.26°C | 66.67°F
Afar
19.16°C | 66.49°F
Addis Ababa
17.24°C | 63.03°F
Oromia
14.6°C | 58.28°F

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