Afghanistan Climatic Classifications

CodeDescriptionGroupNumber of states/regionsStates/regions
BskMid-latitude steppeArid11 Balkh Faryab Herat Jowzjan Kandahar Kunduz Laghman Paktika Sar-e Pul Uruzgan Zabul
DsbHumid continental, dry warm summerCold (continental)8 Badakhshan Daykundi Ghazni Ghor Kabul Nuristan Parwan Wardak
CsaMediterranean, hot summerTemperate5 Badghis Baghlan Kunar Samangan Takhar
BwhSubtropical desertArid3 Farah Helmand Nimroz
DscSubartic, subalpineCold (continental)2 Bamyan Panjshir
BshSubtropical steppeArid1 Nangarhar
CfaHumid subtropical, no dry seasonTemperate1 Khost
CfbMarine west coast, warm summerTemperate1 Paktiya
CsbMediterranean, warm summerTemperate1 Kapisa
DfbHumid continental, no dry season, warm summerCold (continental)1 Logar

Summary: Most regions (11) in Afghanistan lie in the Mid-latitude steppe climate zone (Köppen: Bsk). The mean average of annual temperatures range from a high of 26.18°C (79.12°F) in Nimroz to a low of -1.48°C (29.34°F) in Badakhshan.

Climate Afghanistan: Weather By Month

MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepNovOctDecYear
Record high °C (°F)15.84(60.51)18.45(65.21)25.92(78.66)31.77(89.19)37.65(99.77)42.15(107.87)43.46(110.23)41.17(106.11)36.65(97.97)29.77(85.59)21.08(69.94)15.89(60.6)43.46(110.23)
Average high °C (°F)5.55(41.99)6.56(43.81)13.09(55.56)19.4(66.92)25.16(77.29)29.68(85.42)31.62(88.92)29.98(85.96)26.22(79.2)19.89(67.8)12.22(54.0)7.52(45.54)18.91(66.04)
Daily mean °C (°F)2.03(35.65)3.44(38.19)10.14(50.25)16.48(61.66)22.31(72.16)26.71(80.08)28.43(83.17)26.68(80.02)22.78(73.0)16.49(61.68)8.94(48.09)3.97(39.15)15.7(60.26)
Average low °C (°F)-2.94(26.71)-1.86(28.65)4.21(39.58)9.98(49.96)15.23(59.41)18.8(65.84)20.39(68.7)18.99(66.18)14.82(58.68)9.48(49.06)3.76(38.77)-0.82(30.52)9.17(48.51)
Record low °C (°F)-21.23(-6.21)-18.82(-1.88)-14.95(5.09)-10.71(12.72)-5.2(22.64)-0.44(31.21)3.69(38.64)3.27(37.89)-0.45(31.19)-5.54(22.03)-12.1(10.22)-17.94(-0.29)-21.23(-6.21)
Average precipitation mm (inches)23.15(0.91)41.05(1.62)38.98(1.53)36.7(1.44)24.26(0.96)7.07(0.28)12.86(0.51)14.8(0.58)5.93(0.23)6.91(0.27)16.78(0.66)8.89(0.35)19.78(0.78)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm)4.476.826.767.235.561.92.442.91.461.73.082.03.86
Average relative humidity (%)52.2959.0651.7142.7631.5922.7123.6825.5924.0429.3642.2742.7737.32
Mean monthly sunshine hours7.968.0910.4912.6713.7714.3514.1513.2612.169.68.238.2211.08

Afghanistan Climate Graph

Afghanistan

Afghanistan’s Cities by Temperature

Afghanistan’s states/regions ranking by average yearly temperature:

Nimroz
26.18°C | 79.12°F
Helmand
24.65°C | 76.37°F
Farah
24.56°C | 76.21°F
Kandahar
23.03°C | 73.45°F
Laghman
21.75°C | 71.15°F
Nangarhar
21.75°C | 71.15°F
Sar-e Pul
20.96°C | 69.73°F
Jowzjan
20.96°C | 69.73°F
Takhar
20.42°C | 68.76°F
Kunduz
20.42°C | 68.76°F
Khost
19.8°C | 67.64°F
Balkh
19.75°C | 67.55°F
Uruzgan
18.58°C | 65.44°F
Zabul
18.29°C | 64.92°F
Herat
17.97°C | 64.35°F
Baghlan
17.58°C | 63.64°F
Samangan
17.58°C | 63.64°F
Faryab
17.22°C | 63.0°F
Paktika
15.72°C | 60.3°F
Kunar
14.48°C | 58.06°F
Nuristan
14.48°C | 58.06°F
Badghis
14.46°C | 58.03°F
Kabul
13.54°C | 56.37°F
Ghazni
13.01°C | 55.42°F
Logar
11.4°C | 52.52°F
Paktiya
11.4°C | 52.52°F
Parwan
10.74°C | 51.33°F
Panjshir
10.74°C | 51.33°F
Kapisa
10.74°C | 51.33°F
Ghor
8.97°C | 48.15°F
Daykundi
5.36°C | 41.65°F
Bamyan
4.5°C | 40.1°F
Wardak
4.3°C | 39.74°F
Badakhshan
-1.48°C | 29.34°F

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